SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

"PRIZM OF SCIENCE" INSTALLATION
An exhibit of the Science section – a holographic prism, which imitates motion of particles and atoms. In science terms, holography is a special photographic method when 3D images are first recorded via laser and then reproduced as realistically as possible. When illuminated by a laser, holograms create an accurate 3D clone of the object.

Now, in the times of remotization, holograms are a bright visual addition to many events. Using a hologram, one can make phone calls (the hologram of the interlocutor will be shown on the screen of the experimental device with all its emotions and gestures). Using holography, interactive models for education are created, and what is more, the special lectures of the world leading professors can be complemented with holograms – the illusion of their presence in any part of the world allows professors to reach a wider audience. Holograms allow people to present their products, make models of large spaces and digitalize pieces of art.

The Sverdlovsk Region is one of the most science-driven Russian regions, holding leading positions in Russia in terms of scientific and human capacity. The region ranks 1st in the Ural Federal District in terms of the volume of innovative products.

In the Sverdlovsk Region, 109 organizations are engaged in research and development, which include:
- 25 universities with over 120 thousand students
- 25 sectoral research and development centers
- 35 industrial enterprises (including military-industrial complex), who are engaged in research and development

Over 21 thousand people are employed in research and development, which accounts for 1% of the Sverdlovsk Region's workforce and 3% of the whole staff, engaged in research and development in Russia and developing intellectual potential of the Sverdlovsk Region.

The Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (UB RAS) and the Ural Federal University (UrFU) are the largest scientific centers of the region. Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (UB RAS) is a regional department of the Russian Academy of Sciences with its center in Ekaterinburg. It is a multisectoral research and development complex, which includes 38 institutes, the largest Ural library, design and engineering centers, and the network of scientific departments. There are academic scientific centers in Ekaterinburg, Syktyvkar, Izhevsk, Perm, Chelyabinsk, Arkhangelsk and Orenburg. These centers employ over 3,300 scientists, which include 673 Doctors and over 1,800 Candidate of Sciences.

The Ural Federal University named after B.N. Yeltsin (UrFU) is a federal university, which is a core center of innovation activity of the Sverdlovsk Region. The UrFU initiated the establishment and fulfils functions of the World-Class Ural Interregional Research and Education Center, created to reach the goals of the Science national project. In 2020, the UrFU ranked 4th among Russian universities in terms of the volume of high-quality scientific results according to the Leiden Ranking.

There are 5 technological parks currently working in the Sverdlovsk Region. The residents of the technology parks are 106 small and medium innovative enterprises. The current staff of the parks is 3,169 people. In 2018, the total level of sales of goods and associated services of the residents of technology parks was RUB 15.9 billion, while at least 38% of the total amount of products and services per year were innovative. It allows for release of innovative products for about RUB 6 billion per year.

Annual R&D costs are RUB 30 billion. It is a second place in the Russian Federation (not considering Moscow, the Moscow Region and Saint-Petersburg) after the Nizhny Novgorod Region. The Sverdlovsk Region is among leaders in development and utilization of advanced industrial technologies. No. 5 in development and No. 3 (after Moscow and the Moscow Region) in utilization of advanced industrial technologies.

The Sverdlovsk Region holds leading positions among Russian regions in terms of utilization of results of intellectual activity. Every year, scientists and inventors of the Sverdlovsk Region file about 1,000 applications for registration of the results of intellectual activity to Rospatent. In the Sverdlovsk Region, there have been created 1,000 advanced industrial technologies over 5 years. There are 30 acting patent attorneys in the Sverdlovsk Region.
Here are some examples of Ural scientists' advanced developments:
- a titanium implant with modified chemical composition;
- the technology of 3D printing with titanium powder through selective laser melting;
- a unique way of utilizing microgels and polysaccharides to treat oil or oil product contamination;
- the technology of producing nanocrystal powder of silver sulfide. This compound may be used in optoelectronics and medicine.

The enterprises, which have implemented the Ural scientists' inventions: Scientific and Production Association of automatics named after academician N.A. Semikhatov, Rosatom, "Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau" JSC, Roscosmos, Novator Design Bureau, United Aircraft Corporation, UEC-Perm Engines, Perm Scientific-Industrial Instrument Making Company, Gazprom Transgaz Ekaterinburg, NIKA PetroTech, Transneft, Medsintez Plant (Novouralsk), OTCPharm, Pharmstandard, "MASHPROM R&D Enterprise" JSC, "Uralelektromed" JSC (Verkhnyaya Pyshma), Tobolsk TPP, Urengoyskaya SDPP, "Kamensk Uralsky Metallurgical Works" J.S.Co., ChelPipe Group, ZBO Drill Industries, Inc. (Orenburg), "EVRAZ NTMK" JSC and many others. 300 researchers were given the Sverdlovsk Region Governor Prize for young scientists, and the Demidov Prize was revived in the region.