The art object also demonstrates epoxy resin, which personifies the element of water. It is the combination of the energies of wood and water that is the foundation of the industrial meaning of the Urals - the dam of the city pond, from where the development of Ekaterinburg started. The hydrotechnical structure was built of the Ural larix, which has been perfectly preserved for three centuries and has not lost its unique properties. The oldest larix of the region grows on the right bank of the Chusovaya River near Sloboda village. The tree is 400 years old. The most poetic tree in the Urals is the wild ash. It was praised in the composition by Yevgeny Rodygin and poet Mikhail Pilipenko "Uralskaya Ryabinushka", a favorite song of Boris Yeltsin. "Wild ash" is also a traditional plot of the Ural trays. The largest collection of trays from Nizhny Tagil is in the House of the Khudoyarovs Museum of Tray Crafts.
The art object representing the woodwork of the Sverdlovsk Region is made of the most popular types of wood growing in the region: pine, spruce, birch and larix. 82% territory of the region (more than 16 million hectares) is covered with forests. Coniferous wood makes 42% of the forest resources of the region, deciduous wood - 58%. Pine is the most common tree in our area (about a quarter of all trees). The average height of the pines in the Sverdlovsk Region is 20-22 m. Record-breaking pines, reaching 40 m, grow in the Prypyshminskie Bory National Park. In total, specially protected natural areas occupy 7.44% of the total area of the Sverdlovsk Region, including the Visim Biosphere Reserve, the Denezhkin Kamen Nature Reserve, the Olenyi Ruchyi and Bazhovskie Mesta nature parks.
The total area of the forest resources of the Sverdlovsk Region is 16,000,000 hectares. 82% of the Sverdlovsk Region is covered by forests. The total timber stock is 2 billion cubic meters. The Sverdlovsk Region has sufficient volume of wood raw materials for an annual increase in forest use and the development of wood processing industries. The annual volume of investments in fixed assets in the timber industry amounted to almost 750 million rubles. By 2035, the volume of investments in the timber industry of the region is planned to increase to 8 billion rubles and create more than 2,000 jobs. The total volume of shipped goods in the timber industry of the Sverdlovsk Region amounted to about 30 billion rubles (wood processing, timber, furniture, paper).
Basic assortment includes plywood, lumber, chipboard, paper, wooden houses, furniture:
332.5 thousand m3 of sawn timber per year;
230 thousand m3 of plywood per year;
46.9 thousand tons of paper and cardboard per year.
The largest company in this industry is SVEZA Verkhnyaya Sinyachikha NAO, its birch plywood is shipped to 80+ countries. Also, a significant production volume in the industry is made by: "Turinsky Pulp and Paper Plant" CJSC, "Novolyalinsky District Pulp and Paper Plant" LLC, "Tavda Plywood Mill" LLC, "Lestekh" LLC, "Lesnoy Ural Sbyt" LLC, "Sosva-Les" LLC, "Tura Les" LLC, ASM Group of Companies and others.
During the year, three companies were included in the list of priority investment projects in the field of forest development of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation. The status of a priority investment project in forest development was given to a newly founded company "Synergy" LLC. By 2021 the Sverdlovsk Region (Verkhnyaya Tura) will launch a high-tech production facility for dried lumber, rotary cut veneer and coal manufacturing. The volume of investments in the project will amount to more than 1.5 billion rubles. The potential of raw materials in the form of low-value wood and lumber waste - industrial chips, residual bark, sawdust and shredded wood - makes it possible to create highly profitable board and pulp and paper production in the Sverdlovsk Region. One of the main tasks for timber industry of the Sverdlovsk Region is the expansion of production capabilities with the use of low timber grades and the processing of forest resources. Wood processing industry employs 13 thousand residents of the Urals. The Ural State Technical Forestry University and Talitsa Forestry College provide training for about 1,500 specialists annually. The regional development strategy helps to provide them with jobs.
The largest industry event, the LESPROM URAL PROFESSIONAL Exhibition, is annually held in Ekaterinburg. It is aimed at the development of the timber and wood processing industries and other related fields. More than 200 companies and trade marks from dozens of countries of the world traditionally take part in the forum, the number of the forum visitors exceeds 7,000 people.